世界中で起きている重要な事件、事象についての忌憚なき批判、批評の場とします。


by shin-yamakami16

葬られた「パレスチナ国家・承認」:国連安保理「米国・蹂躙」の現状

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            2014.12.31国連「安全保障理事会」


国内「ユダヤ・ロビー」に支配される米国外交の「惨めさ」

                               山上 真

 昨日12月31日朝8時過ぎの’BBC World’ TV・'Breaking News’ (臨時ニュース)は、ニューヨークの「国連安保理」会議場での「パレスチナ国家」承認の決議案を巡る採決の模様を映し出していたが、ほんの数分後には、「否決」の結果に終ったことを淡々と報じていた。


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 この「安保理」決議はヨルダンが提起したもので、大方の見通しとしては、ギリギリの線で、可決される可能性が大とされていたが、実際の採決では、ロシア・中国・フランス・チャド・アルゼンチン・チリ・ルクセンブルグ・ヨルダンの8か国が賛成し、米国・オーストラリアが反対、英国・韓国・ナイジェリア・リトアニア・ルワンダが棄権に回った結果、可決に必要な9票を得られず、惜しくも「否決」に至ったのである。
 
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 米国連大使Samantha Power 女史が、理事国過半数が賛成に回らなかった為に、「拒否権・行使」という実に「不名誉な」立場に追い込まれなかったことで、採決後、ほっとした表情を浮かべていたのが印象的だ。

 今年7月8日から開始されたイスラエル軍の「ガザ侵攻」では、9月26日の休戦までに、ガザ住民側に2158人、イスラエル側に73人の死者を出し、ガザ地区の約40%の住居など建物が破壊された。2006年、2008年にも同様のガザ攻撃が行われ、前者では住民400人、後者では225人が殺され、約7000人が負傷したことは、本ブログ『ガザ惨劇再び』(2008年12月28日付)で触れている。


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 「パレスチナ」問題に起因する相次ぐ悲劇に直面して、EU諸国民の間でも、イスラエルの「軍事優先」強硬策に対する非難が漸く高まっており、今回もフランス・ルクセンブルグ両国代表が米国に組しなかったことが注目される。

 更には、今年11月29日の国連総会で、「パレスチナに国家としてのオブザーバーの地位を与える」決議が、日本を含む賛成138か国、反対は米国など9か国、棄権41か国で、採択されたことは、この問題・解決に大いに資することになった。

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           2014年・世界の「パレスチナ国家」承認国

 今回の「安保理決議」では、直前まで米国務長官ケリー氏が理事国に働きかけて、「パレスチナ国家・承認」は「時期尚早」を説いて回った為か、英国紙『ガーディアン』に依れば、例えばナイジェリア代表は事前予測では ’Yes’ の側に居た筈だったというが、違っていた。
 アラブ連盟22か国がパレスチナ側を支援して団結する中、英連邦に属し、アフリカで人口最大のナイジェリアは、米・英両国の意向には逆らえなかったということだろう。油田を巡っての汚職蔓延・政治と、イスラム過激派「ボコ・ハラム」という「内憂」も、影響を及ぼしたかも知れない。
 
 米国が世界の大勢に背く「大義名分」は、「イスラエルを強制的に交渉のテーブルに就かせることに反対する」ということだが、実はこれまで同様、米国内の政治・経済を牛耳る「ユダヤ・ロビー」がイスラエルへの「敵対行動」を決して許さないという内実が厳然と存在するからだろう。斯くの如き愚かしい外交態度を続けて行くならば、いずれイスラエルと共に、世界の「孤児」という、惨めな境遇に落ち込むことは必定だ。 (2015.01.01)

                   <追記>
1. パレスチナ大統領・アッバス氏は、安保理での「国家」承認・否決を受けて、ハーグのICC・国際刑事裁判所に加盟する手続きを進め、イスラエルの「戦争犯罪」を追及する意図を明確にした。『ガーディアン』紙に依れば、これは米国・イスラエル両国を甚く刺激することになり、米国の「制裁」を招く恐れがあるとしている。 (2015.01.01)

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The Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, dramatically moved to join the international criminal court on Wednesday, setting Palestinians on a diplomatic collision course with Israel and Washington, and risking imposition of US sanctions.
Abbas signed the Rome statute governing the court and 19 other international agreements, potentially opening the way to Palestinians to pursue Israel for war crimes in the court of last resort based in The Hague.ー'The Guardian' (2014.12.31)


<写真> The Independent, The Telegraph, The Guardian, Wikipedia,


  
                  <参考資料>
1. 'Le Monde' ー「パレスチナ国家承認:イスラエルは仏大使を呼びつけた」

Reconnaissance de la Palestine : Israël convoque l'ambassadeur français
Le Monde.fr avec AFP | 31.12.2014 à 18h19 • Mis à jour le 31.12.2014 à 19h43

Le gouvernement israélien a convoqué, mercredi 31 décembre, l'ambassadeur de France en raison du soutien apporté par Paris au projet de résolution palestinien, mis en échec au Conseil de sécurité de l'Organisation des Nations unies. Ce soutien « a entraîné déception et perplexité côté israélien », a justifié le porte-parole de la diplomatie israélienne, qui a précisé que Patrick Maisonnave doit être reçu vendredi au ministère des affaires étrangères, à Jérusalem.

La France, inquiète de la situation au Proche-Orient, a pendant des semaines œuvré à l'élaboration d'un texte de résolution à proposer au Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies, et qui serait moins intransigeant que le projet palestinien. Les Palestiniens ont finalement soumis mardi leur propre texte amendé. La France l'a voté, mais le texte, approuvé par huit membres, a été rejeté, faute de réunir les neuf voix nécessaires.

ABBAS SIGNE LA DEMANDE D'ADHÉSION À LA CPI

Au lendemain du rejet de cette résolution, le président Mahmoud Abbas a signé la demande d'adhésion palestinienne à la Cour pénale internationale (CPI). Outre cette demande, qui permettrait de poursuivre des responsables israéliens devant la justice internationale, M. Abbas a signé vingt autres conventions internationales lors d'une réunion retransmise en direct à la télévision officielle.

Les Palestiniens avaient menacé de rejoindre un certain nombre d'organisations internationales si leur résolution, qui prévoyait un règlement du conflit avec Israël sous un an, puis un retrait les deux années suivantes des territoires qu'Israël occupe depuis 1967, était rejetée.

ONU: le Hamas dénonce l'échec du président palestinien Abbas

Le mouvement islamiste Hamas a dénoncé mercredi l'échec de Mahmoud Abbas après le rejet à l'ONU d'une résolution réclamant la fin de l'occupation israélienne. 00:41

Les conventions signées par M. Abbas portent notamment sur les « crimes de guerre » et « crimes contre l'humanité », les armes à sous-munitions, la protection des personnes et d'autres domaines susceptibles d'être utilisés dans la future offensive judiciaire que les Palestiniens menacent d'engager contre des responsables israéliens, notamment après les trois guerres qui ont ravagé la bande de Gaza ces six dernières années.

LES PALESTINIENS ONT « PLUS À CRAINDRE » DE LA CPI QU'ISRAËL

L'adhésion au tribunal de La Haye, une fois entérinée, dans un délai d'environ deux mois, permettrait la saisine de la CPI pour enquêter dans le cadre du conflit israélo-palestinien. Israël et les Etats-Unis y sont fermement opposés, le premier avertissant mercredi qu'une telle adhésion se retournerait contre les Palestiniens.

« Celle qui a le plus à craindre, c'est l'Autorité palestinienne, qui a formé un gouvernement avec le Hamas, une organisation reconnue comme terroriste et qui, comme l'organisation Etat islamique, commet des crimes de guerre », a de son côté réagi le premier ministre israélien, M. Nétanyahou, dans un communiqué publié par son bureau.

« Nous ferons ce qu'il faut pour défendre les soldats de Tsahal, l'armée la plus morale du monde », a ajouté le premier ministre. « Cette tentative de diktat sera repoussée, comme nous avons repoussé le projet de résolution palestinien au Conseil de sécurité », a-t-il ajouté.

2. 'BBC News'ー「国連安保理、パレスチナ決議を否決」
MIDDLE EAST
31 December 2014 Last updated at 11:43

UN Security Council rejects Palestinian resolution

The UN Security Council has rejected a resolution demanding an end to the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories within three years.
Jordan submitted the motion after it had been agreed upon by 22 Arab states and the Palestinian Authority.
Eight members of the 15-strong Security Council voted for it while the US and Australia voted against.
The resolution, condemned by Israel as a "gimmick", needed the support of at least nine members in order to pass.
Even if it had secured the required nine votes, the US would have used its veto power to stop the adoption of the resolution.
US envoy Samantha Power said after the vote: "We voted against this resolution not because we are comfortable with the status quo. We voted against it because... peace must come from hard compromises that occur at the negotiating table."
Jordan's UN ambassador, Dina Kawar, said the vote should not stop efforts to resolve the conflict.
Of the 15 members of the Security Council
Russia, China, France, Argentina, Chad, Chile, Jordan and Luxembourg voted in favour
The US and Australia voted against
The UK, Lithuania, Nigeria, the Republic of Korea and Rwanda abstained
The document called for Israel to fully withdraw from all occupied Palestinian territories by the end of 2017 and for a comprehensive peace deal to be reached within a year.
It also called for new negotiations to take place based on territorial lines that existed before Israel's occupation of the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip in the 1967 war.
The vote was the culmination of three months of campaigning by the Palestinians at the UN.
In a closed-door meeting of Arab states earlier on Tuesday, all 22 envoys endorsed the call for a same-day vote on the draft.
Media review
The failure of the Palestinian UN resolution dominates the Middle East Arabic press, with the US widely condemned for blocking the measure.
"Security Council: US pressure hampers bid to end occupation" reads a headline in the Palestinian pro-Fatah newspaper Al-Ayyam.
"Bid to end occupation collides with US hurdle," says Lebanon's pan-Arab leftist daily Al-Safir.
The Hamas-run Filastin newspaper criticises Fatah's handling of the resolution: "Fatah did not consult anyone.''
Iran's Arabic daily Al-Vefagh highlights comments by the Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif to the effect that ''resistance is the only way to realise the Palestinian people's rights''.
The vote is headline news in Israel, with papers carrying criticism of ''Palestinian unilateralism''.
''The morning after the UN Security Council rejected the Palestinians' bid at statehood, Israeli politicians took Palestinian attempts at unilateralism to task,'' Haaretz reports.
Eli Avidar, commenting in Haaretz, urges the Israeli government not to be afraid of international institutions and says ''it must deal with the claims of the international community as an active player''.

3. ‘The Guardian’—「国連安保理はパレスチナ国家承認を拒否」

UN security council rejects Palestinian statehood bid
Defeated resolution called for end to Israeli occupation within three years and for independent state of Palestine to be established within 1967 borders

theguardian.com, Tuesday 30 December 2014 23.22 GMT
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The United Nations security council votes against a Palestinian resolution calling for an end to Israeli occupation by the end of 2017.
The United Nations Security Council has rejected a Palestinian resolution demanding an end to Israeli occupation within three years, in a setback for efforts to get the UN’s most powerful body to take action to recognize an independent state of Palestine.
The United States, Israel’s closest ally, had made clear its opposition to the draft resolution and would have used its veto if necessary. But that proved unnecessary because the resolution failed to get the minimum nine “yes” votes required for adoption by the 15-member council.
The resolution received eight “yes” votes, two “no” votes — one from the United States and the other from Australia — and five abstentions.
Security Council draft resolution on Palestinian question not adopted. Vote: 8 in favour; 2 (USA, AUS) against; 5 abstentions
7:26 AM - 31 Dec 2014

Until shortly before the vote, council diplomats had expected the resolution to get nine “yes” votes. But Nigeria, which had been expected to vote “yes,” abstained.
The defeated resolution would have affirmed the urgent need to achieve “a just, lasting and comprehensive peaceful solution” to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict within 12 months and set a 31 December, 2017 deadline for Israel’s occupation to end.
It also called for an independent state of Palestine to be established within the 1967 Middle East borders – before Israel captured the West Bank, Gaza and east Jerusalem – and demanded “a just solution” to all other outstanding issues, including Palestinian refugees, prisoners in Israeli jails and water.
Jordan’s UN Ambassador Dina Kawar, the Arab representative on the Security Council, said after the vote: “The fact that this draft resolution was not adopted will not at all prevent us from proceeding to push the international community, specifically the United Nations, towards an effective involvement to achieving a resolution to this conflict.”
US Ambassador Samantha Power said: “We voted against this resolution not because we are comfortable with the status quo. We voted against it because ... peace must come from hard compromises that occur at the negotiating table.”

4. 'The New York Times' 『社説』ー「パレスチナ人の自暴自棄の動き」
The Palestinians’ Desperation Move
By THE EDITORIAL BOARDDEC. 31, 2014
President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian Authority Credit Alaa Badarneh/European Pressphoto Agency
In some ways, the decision by President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian Authority to force a losing vote on Palestinian statehood at the United Nations Security Council on Tuesday and then sign papers to join the International Criminal Court on Wednesday was not surprising.
At nearly 80, he has to be tired and deeply frustrated with the failure of years of peace negotiations with Israel to achieve the Palestinian dream of an independent state. He has seen his popularity and credibility plummet as he competed for the support of his people with Hamas, the militant group that would rather lob missiles at Israel than recognize it.
“They have to take some meaningful steps to recover anything of their really shredded credibility,” Nadia Hijab, executive director of Al-Shabaka: The Palestinian Policy Network, said of Mr. Abbas’s team in an interview with The Times.
Palestinians Set to Seek Redress in a World CourtDEC. 31, 2014
And, in truth, prospects for a two-state solution grow dimmer by the day, with right-wing Israeli politicians opposing a Palestinian state and the Israeli government, led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, steadily expanding settlements, making the creation of a viable Palestinian state harder.
But Mr. Abbas’s actions will almost certainly make the situation worse, setting back the cause of statehood even farther. By taking this tack before the Israeli elections, which are set for March 17, he has given Israeli hard-liners new ammunition to attack the Palestinians and reject new peace talks. And he may have set in motion the collapse of the Palestinians’ self-governing authority.
Mr. Abbas began this week by insisting that the Security Council approve a resolution to set a deadline for establishing a Palestinian state, including the phased withdrawal of Israeli forces from the West Bank by the end of 2017. After heavy lobbying by the United States and Israel, the resolution received only eight of the nine votes needed to pass in the 15-member council. The fact is, the United States, which voted against the measure, supports a Palestinian state. And France, which broke with the Americans and voted in favor, acknowledged reservations about some of the details.
Following this defeat, Mr. Abbas moved swiftly on Wednesday to take an even more provocative step in joining the International Criminal Court, through which the Palestinians could bring charges against Israeli officials for cases against their settlement activities and military operations.
While he was under strong pressure from his constituents to do this, he knew well the cost might be great. “There is aggression practiced against our land and our country, and the Security Council has let us down — where shall we go?” Mr. Abbas said at his headquarters in the West Bank city of Ramallah.
The United States Congress had long threatened to impose sanctions against the Palestinian Authority, including the loss of about $400 million in annual aid, if it joined the court. Israel could withhold tens of millions of dollars in tax remittances, as it has before, and could move more aggressively to build settlements in sensitive areas. Mr. Netanyahu also said the Palestinians may now be subject to prosecution over support for Hamas.
How the European Union, another major donor to the Palestinians, might react is unclear. Even though the United States and Israel may want to punish the Palestinian Authority, hasty retaliation could trigger the authority’s collapse and impose major new burdens on Israel.
Under agreements with the court signed by Mr. Abbas, the Palestinians cannot file a complaint against Israel for up to 90 days. They would be wise to delay any action until at least after the Israeli election, when voters will have a chance to decide the country’s leadership. It’s possible that the crisis Mr. Abbas has provoked could bring about fresh consideration of the compromises that both sides need to make to allow their peoples to live in peace. But given the history, it’s hard to be optimistic.
by shin-yamakami16 | 2015-01-01 00:53 | Comments(0)